Vladimir Petrovich Demikhov July 18, 1916 – Moscow, November 22, 1998 was a organ pioneering surgeon who performed several transplantations in the 1930s and 1950s, such as the transplantation of a heart into an animal and a lung-heart replacement in an animal. He is also well known for his transplantation of the two headed dogs. He conducted his dog head transplants during the 1950s, and this ultimately led to the head transplants in monkeys by Dr. Robert White, who was inspired by Demikhov's work.
Without Demikhov's contributions to science and medicine, organ transplant and coronary surgery may not be as developed as it is today.
Christiaan Neethling Barnard, the South African cardiac surgeon who performed the world’s first successful human-to-human heart transplant, said in 1997: “I have always maintained that if there is a father of heart and lung transplantation then Demikhov certainly deserves this title”.
Demikhov graduated from the Biology Department of Moscow State University, wrote the first scientific work.
Demikhov coined the word transplantology, and his 1960 monograph Experimental transplantation of vital organs, for which he received his doctoral degree, later published in 1962 in New York, Berlin and Madrid, became the world’s first monograph on transplantology, and was for a long time the only monograph in the field of transplantation of organs and tissues.
Demikhov’s early experiments that led to many successes in the operation rooms. He was the first person to perform a successful coronary artery bypass operation on a warm-blooded creature.
Most of his experiments were carried out on dogs. He transplanted lungs and hearts, took organs out to see how long dogs would survive and watched their reactions.
Demikhov died as a result of an aneurysm in 1998, but he was awarded the Order of Merit for the Fatherland, 3rd class, shortly before his death. He had also received a USSR State Prize.